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Many people confuse the terms birth defect and birth injury as the same, when in fact they are entirely different conditions.

Birth Defects Vs. Birth Injury

Birth defects are generally inherited, or caused by your child’s genetic makeup, although they have been linked to some medications taken by mothers during pregnancy. They usually develop in the early fetal stages and may even be identified in prenatal testing like sonograms.

Some examples of birth defects are heart disease, spina bifida, club foot and Down Syndrome.

Birth injuries, on the other hand, are usually suffered by an infant at or near the time of birth. Most importantly, they are usually caused by conditions or mistakes that could have been prevented.

Some examples of birth injuries are brachial plexus injuries, Erb’s Pasy, Cerebral Palsy, brain damage and Klumpke’s Palsy.


Birth Injury Cases

Learn more about which birth injury cases qualify for a lawsuit.

Each year, approximately 28,000 children in the United States are affected by birth injuries. These can range in severity from temporary conditions that resolve in a few weeks to permanently disabling conditions requiring a lifetime of care or resulting in death.

Unfortunately, around 1 in 5 birth injuries are caused by medical mistakes from doctors and hospital staff that could have been prevented. In these cases, families have the right to seek compensation that can help with a lifetime of treatment for their child’s injuries.

Some of the most common birth injuries that qualify for a lawsuit include:br>

Cerebral Palsy

The most common form of childhood disability. Occurs in around 4 of every 1,000 births. Loss of movement, coordination, muscle tone or posture is caused by damage to certain parts of the brain.

Brachial Plexus Injuries

Injury to the network of nerves from C5-T1 that control the shoulder, arm and hand. Results in paralysis, weakness, loss of control or numbness in the upper extremity.

Erb’s Palsy

A type of Brachial Plexus injury in which one or both arms is paralyzed. Caused by damage to the C5-C6 nerves that service the arm. Nerve damage is typically caused by obstruction of one of the shoulders between the pubic bones during delivery.

Klumpke’s Palsy

A type of Brachial Plexus injury affecting the hand caused by injury to the lower parts of the brachial plexus nerve bundle. Often characterized by paralysis, weakness or numbness in the hand.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Bruises or tears to an infant’s spinal cord can be caused by trauma, use of force or tools during a stressed delivery. Also, medical staff may aggravate or fail to detect an already-existing condition like spina bifida.

Infant Brain Damage

Brain damage can occur due to oxygen deprivation or trauma during delivery, as well as untreated jaundice or infections. This can cause severe neurological and physical limitations, and is often permanent.

Infant Wrongful Death

If your child suffered any of these unfortunate birth injuries, it is important that you speak with an attorney about your rights. You may be entitled to a significant verdict or settlement that can help with their care and treatment. Contact us today to talk directly with a lawyer.

Latest BIRTH DEFECTS News & Recalls

Birth Injury Statistics

  • Each year around 28,000 infants suffer birth injuries in the United States.
  • Approximately 7 out of every 1000 babies born in the U.S. each year suffer a birth injury.
  • Three babies suffer a birth injury every hour.
  • The risk of most forms of birth injury has increased since 1989.
  • Only about 7% of birth injuries are diagnosed in the first year of the child’s life.
  • Babies born in private, for-profit hospitals are twice as likely to suffer birth injury as those born in private, non-profit hospitals.
  • Hospitals with more than 500 beds experience the lowest rate of birth injuries.
  • Male babies are slightly more likely to suffer birth injury than female babies.
  • Approximately 20% of infant deaths are linked to birth injuries.

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Recent Settlements

The value of your child’s birth injury settlement will vary greatly depending on the type of injury suffered, the severity of that injury and resulting disability, how much future treatment is required, and the degree of fault of the negligent medical professional.

Birth Injury Lawsuits

In general, cases involving infant wrongful death, cerebral palsy or brain damage will return larger settlements due to the extreme loss suffered by the family, while cases of lesser injury will have smaller awards.

Here are some examples of birth injury settlements in recent years:

  • In 2017, a New Jersey family was awarded $900,000 in a settlement due to their child’s shoulder dystocia caused by excessive force used during delivery.
  • In 2008, a Kansas family was awarded a $4.72 million settlement for their daughter’s severe cerebral palsy suffered from oxygen deprivation while hospital staff delayed an emergency c-section for 4 hours.
  • In 2012, a Florida family was awarded $780,000 due to a brachial plexus Erb’s palsy injury to their child’s left arm suffered during delivery.
  • A Pennsylvania family received a $7.27 million settlement in 2016 after a stressed delivery and oxygen deprivation for 8 minutes led to their child suffering brain damage and cerebral palsy.
  • Another New Jersey family in 2017 was awarded $1,340,000 as a result of Erb’s palsy suffered by their child from excessive delivery force.
  • In 2010, the family of a Virginia boy who suffered a permanent brachial plexus arm injury from a midwife was awarded $2,230,000 for his injuries.
  • An Illinois girl and her family received a settlement of $12 million in 2017 due to her spastic quadriplegic cerebral palsy after showing hospital staff ignored a weak heart rate, delayed an emergency c-section, and gave her mother excessive amounts of the delivery drug Pitocin.

As you can see, while there isn’t an average birth injury settlement, these cases can easily reach into the millions of dollars based on the significant amount of damages suffered.


Birth-Related Medical Malpractice

Doctors and hospital staff are highly trained professionals that are prepared to handle most situations that can arise during childbirth. However, mistakes do occur through oversight, unpreparedness or negligence.

These are known by common terms like childbirth malpractice, birth related medical malpractice, or labor and delivery malpractice.

Fortunately, hospitals and medical professionals have liability insurance to compensate the victims of their mistakes. However, your lawyer will still have to prove that medical malpractice occurred and that it is compensable under state law.

The central point in most birth injury medical malpractice lawsuits is whether doctors or staff followed a standard of care. Standard of Care is defined as what a reasonable doctor, nurse, hospital or staff member would do to care for a patient in a similar situation. If the professional doesn’t follow this standard, it is known as negligence.

Medical Malpractice Types

Some common forms of birth-related medical malpractice that can result in injuries include:

  • Ignoring fetal distress
  • Overdose of delivery drugs like Pitocin
  • Forceful use of vacuums and forceps
  • Delayed delivery or treatment
  • Misdiagnosis of risk factors
  • Negligent care in NICU
  • Mistakes in type of treatment given
  • Poor execution of treatment
  • Failure to protect high-risk infants.

In most cases, it is difficult to spot the moment a mistake occurred, or to even know if it happened, without a careful review of the medical and delivery records. Therefore, in any situation of birth injury, it is recommended that you have a lawyer review your case.

The lawyers at Healthcare Advocacy Group can discuss your case and review the necessary records at no cost.

Birth Injury Statute of Limitation

Even if your child’s injury was caused by medical malpractice, there is a limitation on the amount of time you have to file a claim for compensation. This is called the Statute of Limitations, and it varies from state to state and based on the type of injury suffered.

Time Limits to File Lawsuit

Statutes of Limitation are designed to ensure that injured parties file their claim within a reasonable amount of time from when the injury occurred. This not only adds credibility to the claim, but also gives defendants a reasonable chance to defend themselves before records are destroyed and memories are lost.

In most cases, once a birth injury Statute of Limitation has expired, the injured party loses their right to file a claim forever.

Statutes of limitation can vary from a few years to the age a child reaches adulthood. The time allowed may start from the moment the injury happened, or the time the victim discovered the injury.

Also, claims involving military or government hospitals may also carry different Statutes of Limitation than private facilities, so it is important to identify where the injury occurred.

Above all, it’s important to contact a lawyer as soon as you suspect a birth injury occurred so that they can begin gathering evidence and preparing your case, before the expiration of any potential Statutes of Limitation.

Life Care Plan Estimates

In many cases, your lawyer will have a life care plan prepared to anticipate all costs necessary to care for your child for the rest of their life.

A typical life care plan includes estimated expenses for things like:

  • Future medical care
  • Rehabilitation
  • Therapy
  • Medical equipment
  • Adaptive vehicles
  • Long-term assisted living
  • In-home care

Most importantly, if your child has suffered a birth injury, you should not agree to any settlement or sign anything releasing the doctor or hospital from liability until you have spoken with a lawyer to determine the true value of your child’s case.

Birth Injury Lawyers

The first step in recovering compensation for your child’s birth injury is to retain a lawyer. This should be someone with skill and experience in these types of cases, who values and understands the difficulty of your situation, and who has the best interests of your child in mind.

While it may seem more convenient to retain a birth injury lawyer near your home, this isn’t always necessary. A law firm with experience in these types of cases and adequate resources to fight powerful medical companies should offer to come meet you at your home to accommodate your needs.

Also, your lawyer should be able to appear on you and your child’s behalf at most of the necessary events for your lawsuit, thereby limiting the amount of travel your child will have to endure.

Most importantly, the entire process, from the initial consultation discussing your case, to investigation, to trial or settlement, should cost you nothing unless your lawyer receives an award for you.

The Birth Injury victim advocates at Healthcare Advocacy Group work only with lawyers across the country that have handled hundreds of serious birth injury lawsuits, and you can speak directly with a lawyer today at no cost simply by contacting us.

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